Efficient Production and Applications of Recombinant AAV Serotype 5 Using the pAAV-RC5 Vector System

The pAAV-RC5 Vector, developed by Cell Biolabs, is a plasmid vector designed for producing recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) of serotype 5. This vector includes the rep and cap genes necessary for creating AAV virions. The pAAV-RC5 vector is commonly used in gene therapy research due to its ability to produce high-quality and reliable AAV particles.

The pAAV-RC5 Vector is an essential tool in molecular biology, particularly in the field of gene therapy. Here is a detailed overview:

Composition and Structure

The pAAV-RC5 vector is a plasmid designed to produce recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) of serotype 5. This vector includes:

  • rep and cap genes: The rep gene encodes proteins necessary for AAV DNA replication, while the cap gene encodes capsid proteins required for viral particle formation. Specifically, the vector harbors the cap-5 and rep-2 genes, ensuring the production of serotype 5 capsid proteins and necessary replication functions​ (2BScientific)​​ (AxyBio)​.
  • Size: The vector is approximately 7.3 kb in length.


The primary use of the pAAV-RC5 vector is in the production of recombinant AAV particles, which are widely used in gene therapy. The vector's applications include:

  • Gene Delivery: The recombinant AAV produced using the pAAV-RC5 vector can deliver therapeutic genes to target cells in vivo or in vitro. This is crucial for correcting genetic disorders.
  • Research: It is extensively used in research settings to study gene function and to develop gene therapy strategies. Researchers can insert different therapeutic or reporter genes into the AAV vector to study their effects in various biological systems.

Protocol for Usage

  • Co-transfection: The pAAV-RC5 vector is co-transfected into HEK293 cells (a human embryonic kidney cell line) along with other packaging plasmids and an expression vector containing the gene of interest. This process uses transfection reagents to introduce the plasmids into the cells.
  • Production of AAV Particles: Once inside the cells, the rep and cap genes from the pAAV-RC5 vector help in the assembly and packaging of AAV particles. The gene of interest gets encapsulated within the AAV capsid.
  • Harvesting and Purification: Post-transfection, the AAV particles are harvested from the cell culture medium. Various purification methods, such as density gradient centrifugation or chromatography, are used to isolate high-purity AAV particles.

Storage and Handling

  • Storage: The pAAV-RC5 vector should be stored at -20°C to maintain stability. Proper storage conditions are crucial for preserving the plasmid's integrity and functionality.
  • Shipping: Typically shipped on blue ice to ensure it remains frozen during transit​ (Fisher Scientific)​​ (2BScientific)​.


  • High Efficiency: The vector system is highly efficient in producing high-titer AAV particles.
  • Versatility: It can be used to produce AAV particles carrying a wide range of genes, making it versatile for various gene therapy applications.
  • Safety: AAV vectors are considered safe as they are non-pathogenic and have a low immunogenic profile compared to other viral vectors.

Considerations and Best Practices

  • Quality Control: Regular quality control measures, such as sequencing and restriction analysis, should be performed to confirm the integrity of the pAAV-RC5 vector.
  • Optimization: Optimization of transfection conditions and purification methods can enhance the yield and quality of the produced AAV particles.
  • Regulatory Compliance: For clinical applications, it is essential to comply with regulatory guidelines to ensure the safety and efficacy of the gene therapy product.

In conclusion ,the pAAV-RC5 vector is a crucial tool for producing recombinant AAV particles used in gene therapy. Its design allows for efficient and reliable production of AAV serotype 5, facilitating various research and therapeutic applications. Proper handling, storage, and usage protocols ensure optimal performance and safety.

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